Chocolate is made from cocoa beans. Cocoa beans are first fermented, dried and then roasted. The cocoa beans are extracted from them and are grinded. The mixture is liquified which is called chocolate liquor, a mixture of cocoa solids and cocoa butter; chocolate in its purest form. Now, there are three different type of chocolate available – Dark, Milk and White.
Dark Chocolate has a minimum of 35% Chocolate liquor which can go upto 80%, making it extra bitter and extra brittle. For baking we use dark chocolates in the range of 65-70% because they have an intense flavor.
Milk Chocolate as the name suggests contains milk (atleast 12%) and has a minimum 10% chocolate liquor. It is softer in texture and sweeter in taste.
White chocolate is actually not chocolate as it does not contain any cocoa solids. It is just cocoa butter and sugar with milk and milk solids. This makes it very creamy and soft.
Which one is the actual Chocolate?
There are two types of chocolate available in the market. One is Compound Chocolate, which is usually referred to as the cooking chocolate and the other is couverture chocolate. Now, not many of you wouldn’t know that compound chocolate is not chocolate.
Couverture Chocolate is a very high quality of chocolate that contains cocoa butter, extracted from cocoa beans. The cocoa butter gives the chocolate more shine, a firmer “snap” when broken, and a creamy flavor. It melts smoothly and is ideal for candy making and molding. When tempered it gives a very shiny and glossy finish. Some good brands of Couverture Chocolate are Callebaut, Lindt, Valrhona etc
Compound Chocolate is made from Vegetable Fats, Artificial sweeteners and Cocoa Powder. It is used as a cheaper substitute to true chocolate. It uses less expensive vegetable fats like coconut oil as compared to cocoa butter which is used in couverture chocolate. Although working with Compound chocolate is easy as it does not require tempering, the quality and taste is sacrificed. In short Compound Chocolate is a substitute to actual chocolate. Some most commonly used brands of Compound chocolate are Morde, Vanleer, etc
Pick the right chocolate! We at Layers offer you the best quality Chocolate available. Couverture Chocolate by Callebaut. We use the best and serve the best !
Layers by Uditaa, Dessert Shop, Kanpur